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当前位置:bbin体育 » 技术支持 » 短波通信系统的组网设计

短波通信系统的组网设计

字号:T|T
文章出处:责任编辑:人气:-发表时间:2014-05-04 09:32:00

HANGZHOUSHIGONGANJUSHANGCHENGQUFENJU TANGTIAN  ZHUANZI《ZHUANYEWUXIANTONG》

摘要:尽管当前新型无线通信系统不断涌现,短波这一最古老和传统的通信方式仍然受到用户的普遍重视,在卫星

bbin体育TONGXINHEYIDONGTONGXINKUAISUFAZHANDEJINTIAN,DUANBOTONGXINBUJINMEIYOUBEITAOTAI,HAIZAIKUAISUFAZHAN,QIYUANYINSHI—DUANBOTONGXINJULIYUAN、KANGHUINENGLI、

ZIZHUTONGXINNENGLIQIANGYIJIYUNXINGCHENGBEN

GUANJIANCI:DUANBOTONGXIN;ZUWANG;ALE

引言

bbin体育  WUXIANDIANDUANBOTONGXINYIZHISHISHIJIEGEGUOZHONG、YUANCHENGTONGXINDEZHUYAOSHOUDUAN,BEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUZHENGFU、JUNSHI、WAIJIAO、QIXIANGYIJISHANGYEDENGBUMEN,YONGYICHUANSONGDIANBAO、DIANHUA、DISUSHUJUHETUXIANG、YUYINGUANGBODENGXINXI。JINGUANDANGQIANXINXINGWUXIANDIANTONGXINXITONGBUDUANYONGXIAN,DANSHIDUANBOZHEIYIGULAO、CHUANTONGDETONGXINFANGSHIRENGRANSHOUDAOQUANSHIJIEDEPUBIANZHONGSHI。DUANBOTONGXINYIRANNENGGOUKUAISUFAZHANDEYUANYINZHUYAOYOUSANDIAN:1)DUANBOSHIWEIYIBUSHOUWANGLUOSHUNIUHEYOUYUANZHONGJITIZHIYUEDEYUANCHENGTONGXINSHOUDUAN,YIDANFASHENGZHANZHENGHUOYANZHONGZAIHAI,WULUNNAZHONGTONGXINFANGSHI,QIKANGHUINENGLIHEZIDONGTONGXINNENGLIDOUWUFAYUDUANBOXIANGBI;2)DUANBOSHIYINGXINGHENQIANG,ZAISHANQU、GEBI、HAIYANGDENGCHAODUANBOFUGAIBUDAODEDIQU,ZHUYAOYIKAODUANBOTONGXIN;3)DUANBOTONGXINTOUZISHAO、JIANTAIKUAI、WEIHUFANGBIAN,YUWEIXINGTONGXINXIANGBI,DUANBOTONGXINBUYONGZHIFUHUAFEIQIEYUNXINGCHENGBENHENDI。

  近年来,短波通信技术在世界范围内获得了长足进步。这些技术成果理应被中国这样的短波通信大国所用。用现代化的短波设备改造和充实我国各个重要领域的无线通信网,使之更加先进和有效,满足新时代各项工作的需要,无疑是非常有意义的。

 

短波通信简介

  DUANBOTONGXIN( S h o r t - w a v eomunication)SHIWUXIANDIANTONGXINDEYIZHONG。BOZHANGZAI50MI~10MIZHIJIAN,PINLVFANWEI6ZHAOHE~30ZHAOHE[1]。FASHEDIANBOYAOJINGDIANLICENGDEFANSHECAINENGDAODAJIESHOUSHEBEI,TONGXINJULIJIAOYUAN,SHIYUANCHENGTONGXINDEZHUYAOSHOUDUAN。YOUYUDIANLICENGDEGAODUHEMIDURONGYISHOUZHOUYE、JIJIE、QIHOUDENGYINSUDEYINGXIANG,SUOYIDUANBOTONGXINDEWENDINGXINGJIAOCHA,ZAOSHENGJIAODA。DUANBODEJIBENCHUANBOTUJINGYOUDIBOHETIANBOLIANGZHONG:

  DIBOYANDIQIUBIAOMIANCHUANBO,QICHUANBOJULIQUJUEYUDIBIAOJIEZHITEXING。HAIMIANJIEZHIDEDIANDAOTEXINGDUIYUDIANBOCHUANBOZUIYOULI,DUANBOXINHAOKEYIYANHAIMIANCHUANBO1000kmZUOYOU;LUDIBIAOMIANJIEZHIDIANDAOTEXINGCHA,DUANBOXINHAOYANDIMIANZUIDUOZHINENGCHUANBOJISHIQIANMI。DIBOCHUANBOBUXUYAOJINGCHANGGAIBIANGONGZUOPINLV,DANXUYAOKAOLVZHANGAIWUDEZUDANG。

  DUANBOTONGXINZHONGZUIZHUYAODECHUANBOTUJINGSHITIANBO。TIANBOSHIYOUTIANXIANXIANGGAOKONGFUSHEDEDIANCIBOYUDAODAQIDIANLICENGZHESHEHOUFANHUIDIMIANDEWUXIANDIANBO。DIANLICENGSHIZHIJULIDIMIANDAYUE60~2000kmCHUYUDIANLIZHUANGTAIDEGAOKONGDAQICENG,ZHIDUIDUANBOBODUANDEDIANCIBOQIFANSHEZUOYONG。DIANLICENGDENONGDUDUIYUGONGZUOPINLVDEYINGXIANGHENDA,NONGDUGAOSHIFANSHEDEPINLVGAO,NONGDUDISHIFANSHEDEPINLVDI。DIANLICENGDEGAODUHENNONGDUSUIDIQU、JIJIE、SHIJIANHETAIYANGHEIZIHUODONGDENGYINSUDEBIANHUAERBIANHUA,ZHEISHUOMINGYAOXIANGQUDEJIAOKUAIDEDUANBOTONGXINXIAOGUO,CHULEYAOYOUXIANJINDEDUANBOSHEBEIWAI,BIXUCAIYONGHESHIDEPINLV[2]。

  YINCI,TIANBOCHUANBOZHUYAOYONGYUDUANBOYUANJULITONGXIN,ERQIEBUSHOUDIMIANZHANGAIWUZUDANG。DANLIYONGTIANBOCHUANBOBUSHIHENWENDING,YINWEIZAITIANBOCHUANBOGUOCHENGZHONG,LUSHUAIHAO、SHIJIANYANSHI、DAQIZAOSHENG、DUOJINGXIAOYING、DIANLICENGSHUAILUODENGGEFANGMIANYINSU,DOUHUIZAOCHENGXINHAODERUOHUAHEJIBIAN,CONGERYINGXIANGDUANBOTONGXINDEXIAOGUOHEZHILIANG。

短波通信系统的组网设计

组网方式

 

YIGEJIBENDEDUANBOTONGXINZHANYOUDIANTAI、TIANXIANYIJIDIANYUANZUCHENG,LIANGBUJIYISHANGDIANTAIJIUKEYIGOUJIANYIGEDUANBOTONGXINXITONG。GENJUGUOJIXIEYI,DUANBOTONGXINSHIYONG

DANBIANDAIDIAOFUFANGSHI,ZHAIDAICHUANSHU,DAIKUANYIBANWEI3kHz,DUANBODIANTAIDESHIYONGZHIXUZAIDANGDIWUXIANDIANGUANLIWEIYUANHUISHENQINGCHITAIZHENGJIKE。TONGCHANGDUANBODIANTAIGENJUGONGLVDAXIAOFENWEIDAGONGLVDIANTAIHEXIAOGONGLVBIANXIESHIDIANTAI。YIBUDIANTAIKEXUANZEDUOZHONGTIANXIANJINXINGBUTONGJULIDETONGXIN,XUANYONGNAZHONGTIANXIANSHEBEIYAOGENJUDIANTAIDEFAXINGONGLV、TONGXINGONGLV、GONGZUOFANGSHI、SHUCHUZUKANG、GONGZUOPINLVYIJITONGXINFANGXIANGERDING。SHIYONGDUANBODIANTAIJINXINGZUWANG,KEYIYIMOUDIWEIZHONGXIN,JINXINGDANHU、XUANHU、ZUHUDENGFANGSHITONGXIN,TONGXINFANWEIFUGAIMIANJIDA。ZAIYIBANYINGYONGZHONGSHIYONGYIXIALIANGZHONGFANGAN:

1) GUDINGTAIFANGAN:

GUDINGJIZHANDEZHANZHIXUANZEZAIKAIKUODEDIMIANHUOLOUDING,ZAIBENSHEJIFANGANZHONG,DIANTAISHIYONGICOMGONGSIDEIC-F8101GUDINGBANBINGPEIHEAT-140TIANDIAOHEGUDINGSHISHUANGJITIANXIANI-V100。GAIDIANTAIJUYOURUXIAYOUDIAN:ALE(ZISHIYING)GONGNENG;XUANHUGONGNENG;125W QIANGDADESHEPINSHUCHU;GPSJIESHOUJILIANJIE;SHUJUDECHUANSHUSULVKEDA9600bps,BINGDAIYOUSHUZIXINHAOCHULIQI(DSP)YIJILENGQUEFENGSHAN。

2)BEIFUSHIFANGAN:

BEIFUSHIDIANTAIXUANPEI20WXIAOGONGLVDIANTAI,YOUDIANCHIJINXINGGONGDIAN,PEILAGANSHIBIANZHUANGTIANXIAN,SHUQUANXIANGXINGTIANXIAN,MEIYOUDUOJINGXIAOYING。GAIFANGANSHIHEDUANJULITONGXIN,DUANBOXINHAODECHUANBOTUJINGZHUYAOSHIDIBO,JIAZHIBIANXIEDIANTAIGONGLVJIAOXIAO,YINCIYOUXIAOTONGXINJULIYIBANZAI30kmYINEI。GAIFANGANFEICHANGSHIHEXIANCHANGZHIHUICHEYUZUOYEDANBINGZHIJIANHUODANBINGYUDANBINGZHIJIANDETONGHUA,TONGGUOXIANGHUJIANDEZHONGJI,HAIKEYIZAIKUODASHIYONGDEFANWEI。

  BEIFUSHIDIANTAISHIYONGSHIFENLIANGZHONGZHUANGTAI: YI、YIDONGZHUANGTAI, SHIYONGICF8101+BIANXIESHITIANDIAOSG-237 +I -A100HBIANXIESHIZHEDIEDUANBOTIANXIAN,KEYIBAOZHANG15kmYINEIDETONGXUN;ER、IC-F8101+BIANXIESHITIANDIAOSG-237 +I -V100HSHUANGJITIANXIANTONGXUNJULIBIJIAOYUAN。

bbin体育  LIANGZHONGZUWANGFANGANDOUSHIJIYUTONGXINSHEBEIZIDAIDEALEGONGNENGJIPINLVZISHIYING,YECHENGWEILIANLUZIDONGJIANLI。ZAI ALE XITONGZHONG,YAOQIUWANGNEIDEMEIBUDIANTAIDOUPEIBEIZISHIYINGKONGZHIQI。ZISHIYINGKONGZHIQISHIZHISHANGSHIYIGELIANLUZHILIANGSHUJUKU(JIANCHENGLQA),CUNCHUYIGEHUOJIGEPINLVZU,MEIZUCUNCHURUOGANGEPINLV。ZAIYIGETONGXINWANGNEIMEIBUDIANTAIDEPINLVZUSHEZHIYAOXIANGTONG。ZISHIYINGXUANPINDEGUOCHENGSHI:ZHUHUTAIZAIMOUGEPINDIANSHANGFACHU ALEXINHAOHUJIAODUIFANG,BEIHUTAISHOUDAO ALE XINHAOHOUZIDONGCEPINGQIXINHAOZHILIANG,BINGJIANGCEPINGJIEGUOHUISONGJIZHUHUTAI,ZHUHUTAICEPINGBEIHUJIAOTAIDEXINHAOZHILIANGHOUFACHUQUERENXINHAOJIBEIHUTAI,SHUANGFANGTONGSHICUNCHUCEPINGJIEGUO。ZHIHOUZHUHUTAIZHUGEYONGZUNEIPINLVHUJIAODUIFANG,ZUNEIMEIGEPINLVDOUBEICEPINGHOU,SHUANGFANGANPINLVDEZHILIANGJINXINGPAIDUI,BINGSHIYONGZHILIANGZUIHAODEPINLVJIANLITONGXINLIANLU。YOUXIEZISHIYINGDIANTAIHAIKEYIYUSHEZHILIANGKEYONGZHI,DANGMOUGEPINLVDADAOKEYONGZHIJIKAISHITONGXIN,ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIDEJIANLIANSUDUKUAIYIXIE。DUIYUGUDINGZHANZHIJIANDETONGXIN,FANGXIANGHEJULISHIGUDINGDE,PINLVYEXIANGDUIGUDING,ALE DEZUOYONGBUSHITEBIEXIANZHU。DANDUIYUCHE、CHUANDENGYIDONGZHAN,HUOJINGCHANGZHUANYICHANGDIDEYEWAIBANGUDINGZHAN,QITONGXINJULIHETONGXINFANGXIANGYIZHIZAIBIAN,ZUIJIATONGXINPINLVYESUIZHIGAIBIAN,ALE DEZUOYONGJIUXIANZHUDUOLE。

  RANER,ALE JINGUANYOUQIYOUDIAN,YECUNZAIYIXIEWUFAKEFUDEJUXIANXING,RUALE TANCEHUJIAODALIANGJIZHANTONGXINSHIJIAN,KEGONGXUANYONGDEPINLVYOUXIAN,JIANLIANSULVMAN,BUNENGZIDONGQIEHUANTONGXINWANGLUODENGDENG,ZHEIXIEWENTIZHIYUELEALEDETUIGUANGYINGYONG。

 

组建短波通信网络

 

  YIGEDUANBOWUXIANDIANTONGXINWANGDEZUJIANXUYAOJIGELIUCHENGHEHUANJIE:ZUWANGLUNZHENG---SHIDICESHI---XIUGAIFANGAN---ZAIZUOCESHI---ANZHUANGDIAOSHI---SHIJIYANSHOU---TOURUSHIYONGYUNXING。QIZHONG,ZUWANGLUNZHENGYUSHIDICESHISHIZUWANGGUANJIAN。

  ZUWANGLUNZHENG:GENJUSUOXUYAODETONGXINQUYU,JIEZHUDITU“ZHISHANGTANBING”,CELIANGGEWUXIANDIANJIZHANDEJULI,SHENQINGHUOXUANYONGWUXIANDIANGONGZUOPINLV,SHIYONGWUXIANDIANBOCHUANSHULILUNGONGSHIJINXINGBIYAODEJISUAN,CHUBUGUSUANHEGUIHUAXIANGGUANDEWUXIANDIANTAIFASHEGONGLV,TIANXIANXINGSHIJIZENGYIHEDAZHIKETONGXINQUYU。

  SHIDICESHI:SHIYONGYIDINGDEWUXIANDIANQICAIHEYIQI,DAOXUYAOANZHUANGHUOXUYAOTONGXINQUYUHEDIDIANJINXINGSHIDISHITONGXINHECELIANG,YANZHENGYUANLAIDEJISUANWUCHASHIFOUZAIYUNXUFANWEINEI,YANZHENGSHEJIFANGANSHIFOUKEXING,JINXINGBIYAODEXIUZHENGHEGENGGAI。SHIYONGCESHIDEWUXIANDIANPINLVXUANZESHIXUYAOZHUYI,VHFDUANRAOSHENENGLIQIANGBIJIAOSHIHEYUSHANQU,ERUHFDUANCHUANTOUNENGLIQIANGBIJIAOSHIHEYUPINGYUANJICHENGQU。

bbin体育  RUGUOXUYAOFUGAIDEQUYUJIAODA,KEYISHIDANGXUANZEWUXIANDIANZHONGJIZHANZUOJISHUZHICHENG。ZHONGJIZHANDEXUANDIANFEICHANGZHONGYAO,YINWEIZHEISHIYIGETONGXINSHUNIU,ZAIZHENGGEWANGLUOZHONGQIFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,YIDANGAIDIANSHIXIAOZEZHENGGEWUXIANDIANTONGXINWANGJIANGXIANYUTANHUAN。ZHONGJIZHANXUANDIANXUYAOZHUYIDEJIGEYAODIAN:

1、YINWEICHAODUANBOTONGXINTEDIANJIBENWEI“SHIJUCHUANSHU”,YOUYIDINGDERAOSHEHEFANSHENENGLI,XUYAOXUANZEGAOSHANGAOLOUDENGZHIGAODIANZUO“WUXIANDIANJIELIZHUANFA”。RUODIXINGTIAOJIANXUKEZEZUIHAOZAIWUXIANDIANTONGXINWANGDEZHONGXINQUYUXUANDIAN,GAIDIANXUANQUQIADANGHUIQUDE“SHIBANGONGBEI”DEXIAOGUO;

bbin体育2、SUOXUANDEZHONGJIDIANYIDINGYAOYOUKEKAODESHIDIAN220VDIANYUAN,YOUZHEFENGBIYUDEJIFANG,HAIXUYAOYOUJIAOWEIFANGBIANDEJIAOTONGYIGONGKUAISUPAICHUGUZHANGHEJIANXIUWEIHU,FOUZEYIDANSHEBEIGUZHANGHUIZAOCHENGZHANGSHIJIANBUNENGHUIFUTONGXIN;

3、SUOXUANZEDEZHONGJIDIANFUJINSHIFOU

有其他大功率无线电发射台,能躲则尽量避开,无法避开时需要考虑加装抗干扰器材。雅安应急中继台bbin体育选点在海拔1800米的朱家岩,该处为一个调频广播发射站,共计1KW广播发射机六台,CH20电视2KW发射机一台,测试使用车载天线和EB200机,在整个80—108MHZ段观察到无数个互调产物,在139—160MHZ段的电磁底噪为正45—50dBμV。安装一台四腔窄带滤波器后,所需的接收频点140MHZ背景底噪降低为负值;

4、ZHONGJIDIANHAIXUYAOKAOLVANQUANFANGDAO、FANGLEIBILEI、KANGXUEFANGFENG、SANREFANGDONG、TINGDIANSHIZIDONGQIYONGHOUBEIXUDIANCHI,ZUIHAOYOURENZHISHOU。

 

结束语

  JINNIANLAI,DUANBOTONGXINJISHUZAISHIJIEFANWEINEIHUODELEZHANGZUJINBU,CHUXIANLEHENDUOXINDIANTAI、XINZHUANGBEIHEXINJISHU。DUANBODANBIANDAIDIANTAIDETIJIYUELAIYUEXIAO,GONGNENGYUELAIYUEDUO。DUANBOTIANXIANZHUYAOXIANGDAIKUAN、QUANXIANG、WU“MANGQU”、GAOZENGYIDEFANGXINFAZHAN,XIANYITUICHULEDUOKUANXINXINGJIZHANTIANXIANHECHEZAITIANXIAN。DUANBOTONGXINZAIPINLVXUANZEFANGMIANYOUTUICHULEDUANBOQUANPINDUANSHISHIZISHIYINGXUANPINXITONG,JINYIBUTIGAOLEDUANBOTONGXINDEWENDINGXINGHEKEKAOXING。

bbin体育  YOUYUDUANBOTONGXINZHANJIKEYISHIGUDINGJIZHANYOUKEYISHIFANGBIANDECHEZAIHUOBIANXIE,YINCIYIDONGTAIZAIXINGJINZHONGKEYISUISHIYUQITADIANTAIBAOCHILIANLUO,DONGZHONGTONGHUADEYOUSHICHONGFENTIXIANLEDUANBODIANTAIDELINGHUOXINGHEJIDONGXING,DUIYUXUYAOZAIYEWAIJINXINGDEYINGJIZUOYELAIJIANG,DUANBODIANTAISHIYIZHONGBUKETIDAIDETONGXINGONGJU。DUANBOTONGXINYOUYUPINDUANDI、PINDAIZHAI,YINCINANYISHIXIANDARONGLIANG、GAOSULVDESHUJUCHUANSHU,ZHEISHIQIGUYOUDEQUEDIAN。YINCI,DUANBOTONGXINYIBANZHISHIHEYUYUYIN、DISUSHUJUJITUPIANDECHUANSHU。